What is Goal Setting?

definition of terms


Goal setting refers to the process of establishing clear, measurable, and time-bound objectives that help guide actions and motivate performance.


  • Effective fitness goals use the SMART framework: Specific, Measurable, Achievable, Relevant, and Time-bound.
  • Set outcome-focused goals representing the tangible results you want to accomplish like weight loss, endurance, or strength gains.
  • Process goals related to nutrition, activity, consistency, and lifestyle support achieving outcomes.
  • Document goals and track progress in a fitness journal. Update goals regularly. Share them with a coach, trainer or accountability partner.
  • Achieving smaller goals builds confidence to tackle more challenging objectives over time. Celebrate successes!


  • Process goal: Eat 0.8-1g of protein per lb of bodyweight daily.
  • Outcome goal: Lose 10lbs in 3 months.

Related Terms

  • SMART goals, fitness tracking, accountability, progression

Common Questions

  • How often should I reassess goals? Every 4-6 weeks to adjust based on your changing fitness level.
  • What happens if I miss a goal? Analyze why and either adjust the goal or develop a new action plan.

Do Not Confuse With

  • Wishful thinking – Hoping for a result without a concrete plan to achieve it.
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